The places you should consider doing in your visit to Havana, a pulsating capital that dazzles with its majestic fortresses, colorful architecture and magical streets where time seems to have stopped in the 50's.
"My mojito in
La Bodeguita, my daiquiri in
Ceremony that dates from the eighteenth century and consists of a cannon shot, infallibly realized at 21:00 local time from the Fortress San Carlos de la Cabaña, which next to the Castle of the Three Kings del Morro dominates the entrance to the bay of The city and the main port of the Island.
With punctuality beyond accuracy, every day of the year, be it party or mourning, rain, thunder or lightning, even under cyclones and hurricanes at nine o'clock in the evening, not one minute more or one minute less, since The Fortress of San Carlos de la Cabaña fires a cannon, calling to check the clocks.
in our days into a showy spectacle, in its origins was the official formula of
warning residents and visitors of the Cuban capital, so that from that moment
they remained behind the thick walls that for tens of kilometers surrounded the
protect it against attacks of corsairs and pirates.
The beginning of its construction goes back to the very beginnings of the twentieth century, in 1901, during the provisional US government on the island.
The first route 1901-1902 covered from Paseo del Prado to Crespo Street.
20 houses made up, in 1870, the small town that flourished on the shores of the
route was born where the corners of Paseo del Prado and Street San Lázaro
converge, in the same place where the El Tiburón coffee was set.
Site of singular historical value for being the scene of many of
the main events and events of the Cuban Revolution.
In the great esplanade that
has been closed the Congress of the Party and several international events and
celebrated acts of solidarity with sister peoples, anniversaries of the assault
on the Moncada Barracks, the Triumph of the Cuban Revolution and other important
events, general assemblies of the people of Cuba , Marches of the fighting
people, workers, military and student parades, graduation ceremonies for
students and initiation of pioneers, solemn evenings and farewell acts of
Necropolis of Christopher
is one of the 21 necropolises existing in the City of Havana, Cuba.
was declared National Monument by resolution of 18 of February of 1987. It is the largest
necropolis in America. It has 57
hectares, is the most important cemetery in the country. It
has a large number of sculptural and architectural works, which is why many
specialists place it as third of world importance, preceded only
by Staglieno in Genoa, Italy and Montjuic in Barcelona, Spain.
Here Dolores Rondon
It is located in what was the Presidential Palace. It is considered within the most important Cuban museums, by the amount and value of its heritage, by the extent of its exhibition and by its cultural, historical and political work.
more than 30 rooms are visited annually by more than 150 thousand visitors from
other countries, mainly from the United States, Canada, Argentina, Spain, and
other nations of Europe and America, making it one of the most visited in the
nine thousand pieces integrate the collections of the institution, of which
about 700 are exhibited in the permanent sample.
In 1909 General Ernesto Aubert, then governor of Havana, decided to build a new headquarters that would welcome the Provincial Government. The project was carried out by architects Rodolfo Maruri (Cuban) and Paul Belau (Belgian), while the construction phase was taken over by the General Contracting Company.
The interior decoration was under the responsibility of Tiffany Studios. The building, projected from the canons of Eclecticism, consumed for its completion a budget that exceeded the million and a half of pesos. Its floors and stairs were covered with Carrara marble.
Located in the area de Cayo Hueso, near the Malecon, it corresponds to an artistic alley of approximately 200 meters of extension, where diverse manifestations of the Afro Cuban culture are made present, through colorful murals, small workshops of artists and products that are Associated with their works and rites.
The mountains of Viñales
The Valley of Viñales
The Viñales Valley is a geographical accident located in the province of Pinar del Río, westernmost part of Cuba. Located in the Sierra de los Órganos, most western part of the Guaniguanico mountain range. This valley and great part of the surrounding mountain range was approved in 1999 as one of the National Parks of Cuba and in December of that same year was declared Natural Patrimony of the Humanity by Unesco.
It is located in the municipality of Viñales which is one of the 11 municipalities with which the province counts, exactly in the center of the municipality. Located 178 Km from Havana and 25 Km from Pinar del Río.
Qualities of the valley
The traveler who arrives in the valley from Havana, is enjoying the change of tones of the Cuban green, and when up to the valley the change is drastic and awe inspiring; The complicity between nature and silence makes the visitor feel the owner of a majestic natural beauty, which is found everywhere, from the Cave of the Indio, with its underground river, to the Mural of Prehistory, Rancho San Vicente And the fabulous Mirador de Los Jazmines. There are some mountain formations, unique in the island, called mogotes. These mogotes constitute very unique geomorphological formations where some of them reach to measure hundreds of meters of height. These mogotes resemble a great diversity of forms. They are only comparable to those located in China and the Malay peninsula. In the valley there are other elevations, such as Alturas de Pizarras, which are constituted by a variety of rocks, the oldest existing throughout the country and also in the Caribbean area. The best land for growing tobacco.
The best land for growing tobacco
In the valley of Dos Hermanas, we can find the Mural of Prehistory,
which is painted on a stone of one of the elevations.
This mural shows
the evolution of life in the natural sense in Cuba.
The Mural of Prehistory is located in the mogote called Pita. It can be
found on a perpendicular slope which was cleaned earlier to be able to
do this work, the rock was washed and drains were also made in it a
little to avoid erosion in the future due to the rain.
It extends to
length of the valley by 120 and the 160 meters of length, its author was
Leovigildo González Morillo, already deceased, who was Director of
Cartography of the Academy of Sciences of Cuba.
In it are represented guanahatabeyes Indians, species of mammals, gigantic animals, as well as some molluscs.
In the Mural can be seen in 12 pieces the evolutionary process of men
and animals in the Sierra de los Organs, in its different stages.
As a peculiar feature we have to paint or retouch the existing paint in it covers a complicated and risky process that takes 5 years to complete, is painted entirely by brush.
In the valley you can find several caves like the one of "Jose Miguel" and the one of the "Indian". The last one is a cavern that reaches 300 meters in length, and inside it runs 2 underground rivers. They are very significant in form and originality. There is also the denominated "Queen of the espeluncas", the Great Cave of Santo Tomás, characterized and typographiada by Dr. Antonio Núñez Jiménez, fourth discoverer of Cuba.
The famous Ox of Viñales
The famous Ox of Viñales
"University" is the name of a trained bull in which tourists ride. According to its owner knows 4 languages.
The most beautiful beach in the Caribbean
Varadero is a city of Cuba belonging to the municipality Cárdenas,
located in the peninsula of Hicacos, province Matanzas to 130 kilometers
to the east of Havana.
To the northeast Punta Hicacos is the most
northerly place in Cuba.
It is a special territory of the Republic of
Cuba. It is the closest point to the United States, it has 30 km of
extension, of which 22 km are beaches. It limits to the north with the
Strait of Florida, to the south with the Bay of Cárdenas, to the east
with Cárdenas, to the west with the Sabana Camagüey cayana, its
population is of 26 680 inhabitants of which approximately 7 000 they
live in the same peninsula.
Its main economic line is the development of tourism and the largest workforce is dependent on it.
When in Cuba or any other country it is called "Varadero", it
immediately associates that name in first term to a beautiful beach and
second to the tourism.
In doing so, it is unknown the ancient history of
the area where the famous spa is located. When the well-known Encounter
of Two Worlds, as the unforgettable captain Antonio Núñez Jiménez was
sitting on the occasion of the 500th anniversary of Columbus's arrival
in Cuba, the Hicacos Peninsula was populated by aborigines, the evidence
found In the caves of Ambrosio and the Muslims and their, until today,
indescifrable pictographs. In the museum of Varadero exposes remains of
one of the aborigines found in the flap of the "Cave of the Muslims".
The exposed bone corresponds to a funeral site that is estimated to have existed between 500 years a.n.e. And the first 500 of our era.
The beach of Varadero stretches along the narrow peninsula (between 700
and 1,200 m wide). Its 22 km of beach are characterized by a strip of
fine white sand and a gentle descent of its platform towards the sea.
Varadero, which is free port, has conditions for the practice of diving,
fishing, yatching, all kinds of nautical activity, skydiving and a
The Varadero beach, a major tourist destination, is located north of the
province of Matanzas, on the Hicacos peninsula, in the Varadero tourist
region and in the Matanzas-Cárdenas-Varadero subregion.
landscapes of the peninsula of Hicacos are characterized by a rich
Considered one of the main tourist centers of the country, it captivates by its white and fine sands, and its delicate blue waters, warm and transparent all the year, in which, depending on the place, the bathers can go away tens of meters of the Without completely covering them.
The best beach for diving in crystal clear waters
Playa Girón is a small beach on the eastern bank of the Bay of Pigs, in the southern center of Cuba, which today is a tourist center. Located in one of the largest wetlands in the world, Ciénaga de Zapata, passed into history in 1961, when it was chosen as one of the landing points for the Bay of Pigs invasion.
The bay is located approximately 30 kilometers south of Jagüey Grande,
70 kilometers west of the city of Cienfuegos and 165 kilometers
southeast of Havana, the national capital.
On the western shore of the bay there are coral reefs bordering the Zapata swamp, part of the Zapata peninsula. On the eastern side there are long beaches with mangrove swamps and inland marshes. To the north of the bay, the town of Buena Ventura is located next to Larga beach, and 35 kilometers southeast of Playa Girón and the town of Girón, named after the well-known French pirate Gilberto Girón (c.1604 ).
The bay of Cochinos is located on the southwestern coast of Cuba, in an
inlet of the Gulf of Cazones. In 1910 it became part of the province of
Santa Clara, in 1961 reassigned to the province of Las Villas and
finally, in 1976 when a general reorganization of the six original
provinces of Cuba occurred to pass to fourteen (14), transferred to The
province of Matanzas.
Cienfuegos owes its origin to the interest of the Spanish imperial authorities to develop new cities on the island.
It was founded 22 of April of 1819 by French settlers to the control of Don Luis De Clouet. They settled in the peninsula of Majagua and they named the Villa Fernandina de Jagua in honor to the King Ferdinand VII and the Aboriginal lineage. Ten years later, in 1829, the King authorized the change of name of the town that has since been called Cienfuegos, in honor of Captain General of the Island of Cuba: Jose Cienfuegos Jovellanos.
Monuments and places of interest
streets of Cienfuegos were originally designed to form grids. The
eclectic architecture of the city retains abundant neoclassical
decoration. It is one of the best routes in Cuba, with wide and straight
streets, promenades and parks (the most important is the "José Martí"),
modern and old buildings that totally respond to the surrounding area.
The Botanical Garden of Cienfuegos declared National Monument on October 20, 1989. Founded at the beginning of the 20th century by the American Atkins.
The Cementerio de Reina is an exceptional
example of its type, and its architecture is inserted in the prevailing
neoclassicism in the buildings built in the city. It is the only one in
Cuba that conserves its niches for burials. The Sleeping Beauty statue
is very famous and has a sister in Genoa, Italy.
The Fortress of
Our Lady of the Angels of Jagua is located at the entrance of the Bay of
Jagua. Strategically located at the entrance to the Port of Cienfuegos,
this castle was built in the eighteenth century (1745) to defend
Cienfuegos from pirates and filibusters.
The Tomas Acea Cemetery, where an enormous building of the purest Doric style stands out.
The "Jose Marti" park, located in the center of the city, next to it
are the most important buildings, including the founder's house, the
Town Hall, the cathedral church and the Terry Theater.
The Tomás Terry Theater, built in 1889, is notable for the state of preservation of its architecture and decoration.
The Palacio de Valle, located at the southern end of the Prado, is a
unique construction in Cuba by the union of so many architectural
Estadio 5th de Septiembre, inaugurated in 1977 and with a capacity for 15 600 people.
capital is the city of Santa Clara also known as the City of Marta
Abreu and Che. In the city of Santa Clara rest the remains of Che
Guevara. This city, founded in 1689 under the name of Gloriosa Santa
Clara, was the head of the region that was first known as Las Villas
until finally adopted its current name.
Memorial Sculpture Commander Ernesto Che Guevara. Sculptural set built in the city of Santa Clara. Place where they rest since October 17, 1997, the mortal remains of the Heroic Guerrilla and his companions of the Bolivian Guerrilla. It is also a temple to the value of combatants of various nationalities, some of whom already accompanied the Commander in his battles for the freedom of Cuba, first as an expeditionary of the Granma Yacht and then in the Sierra Maestra. In 2011, the complex received the Provincial Conservation Prize, awarded by the Provincial Center for Cultural Heritage, with the co-sponsorship of the Committee of Historical Heritage of the National Union of Architects and Construction Engineers of Cuba (UNAICC).
The museum is located on the ground floor
of the complex. The permanent exhibition of the museum is a
chronological journey through the life and work of the Heroic Guerrilla,
where through images, photos, objects and documents different stages of
Che's life, such as childhood, adolescence and youth, are shown.
Emphasis on the family setting where it was formed.
He shows the coat
he wore during his days in Santa Clara, when he felt the warm Cuban
winter, his uniform, rifle, books he read, and others he wrote.
shows the link he had with the Cuban revolutionary movement through the
stay in Mexico and the subsequent entry to the 26th of July Movement,
which led him to be an expeditionary of Granma, guerrilla of the Sierra
Maestra, driver with Camilo Cienfuegos de la Invasion to the West and
fundamental architect of the Battle of Santa Clara in December 1958.
can also be known as executor of the project of Socialism in Cuba,
where he held important positions in the country's leadership, and as an
internationalist, and appreciate the validity and projection of his
In April 2015, the Complex received part of the personal archive of Cuban investigators Adys Cupull and Froilán González, who devoted their lives to the investigation into the life of Che and the rest of the guerrillas who accompanied him in the Bolivian invasion, between Other chores. With the donation, the institution increased its substantial funds and other objects of extraordinary historical and patrimonial value.
The collection as a whole totals 1 146 elements, and is composed of documents, photographs, some of them original; Photocopies, books, photo negatives and hours of recording, which are recorded on cassettes.
One once classified and ordered, the complex
enlarges its funds, which by 2015 surpasses the thousand materials, in
letters, documents, photos and other objects and articles that
generously dozens of people from all over the world have delivered to
the belt .
The final destination of most of the valuable articles received will be the Documentation Center that has been conceived for the site, which includes a reading room so that visitors can access the invaluable sources of information that the site has.
More than 500 years of history
city of Trinidad is located in the central region of Cuba, specifically
in the south of the Cuban province of Sancti Spíritus, and is the
capital of the municipality of the same name.
The Villa de la Santísima Trinidad was the third villa founded by the
Spanish Crown in Cuba, at the beginning of 1514. The town was founded
with the presence of the Adelantado Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar, and it
was evolving quickly, which made it possible to be one of The most
prosperous of the largest of the Antilles.
The conservation and restoration work undertaken by specialists in this
area of south central Cuba, and the love professed by its inhabitants
for their city, made it one of the best preserved colonial cities not
only in Cuba but also in America, And inscribed in the World Heritage
List by Unesco next to the Valley of the Wits in 1988, an area where the
sugar industry prospered with the arrival of the Iznaga, Borrell and
Brunet families towards the middle of the 19th century.
The sugar production, which enriched the owners of these sugar mills,
gave rise to both houses and palaces in Trinidad and in the Valley,
which today are the pride of Cuban culture. The date of its foundation
is celebrated every year with a Week of the Trinitarian Culture;
Museum of History: it is located in the old Palace Cantero, whose
former owner was Don José Mariano Borrell and Padrón a local landowner,
later inherited by Don Jose Mariano Borrell and Lemus and in 1841 he
sold it to the widow of Pedro José Iznaga y Borrell , Doña Maria del
Monserrate Fernandez de Lara and Borrell, which house in second with Don
Justo German Cantero, name by which the palace is known. This beautiful
museum displays pieces and historical documents of the Trinitarian
. Guamuhaya Archaeological Museum: founded on May 15, 1976 shows in
eight permanent rooms objects belonging to the Aboriginal communities
living in the south-central region of Cuba during the pre-Columbian era,
as well as some valuable items from the colonial period , The city and
the nearby valleys. It is located in the old Casa de Padrón.
. Romantic Museum: The Romantic Museum occupies the former palace of the Counts of Casa Brunet, located in the Plaza Mayor of the city of Trinidad. Opened on May 26, 1974, it was the first institution of its kind created in the locality, after the Triumph of the Revolution. The building is an example of the domestic architecture of the 18th and 19th centuries. The building had two stages of construction: the ground floor dates back to 1740 and is known as the home of the Silva and Álvarez Travieso family until 1807, which is bought by José Mariano Borrell y Padrón, who ordered the construction of the upper floor in 1808. Inherited by her daughter Angela Borrell and Lemus was inhabited by her family until 1857 who marched to Spain. It recreates in its fourteen rooms the atmosphere of a typical Trinidadian colonial residence from the years 1830-1860 with a display of furniture and decorative arts from the 18th and 19th centuries.
. Museum of Colonial Architecture: it has seven
exhibition halls and is located in the old house of the wealthy family
Sánchez Iznaga, shows the architectural development of the city over the
. Casa de la Trova de Trinidad: it is a meeting place for the younger generations, it is housed in a building from 1777 that has been restored for popular enjoyment, where regular concerts are held.
has the largest preserved colonial center in the country, offering
visitors numerous buildings with significant architectural and
historical-cultural values, as well as interesting museums.
of these tasks are the Plaza de San Juan de Dios, the Plaza del Carmen,
Bedoya, the Agramonte Park - former Plaza de Armas -, the Birthplace of
Ignacio Agramonte, as well as other plazas and alleys. The Catholic
temples that are located in the historical center possess high
architectural values where different currents and movements
The Metropolitan Cathedral, where the
Virgen de la Candelaria, the patron saint of the city, the Parishes of
La Soledad, the Santo Cristo del Buen Viaje, the Santa Ana church, the
Chapels of La Merced, Sacred Heart of Jesus, Carmen and San Juan de
Dios, where Blessed Jose Olallo Valdés (Father Olallo) attended
thousands of princes with the sole interest of bringing health to the
Camagüey is a city of legends
and traditions, one of its most important relics, adorned with a
beautiful legend is the SANTO SEPULCRO, located in the Church of Our
Lady of Mercy.
Another of the fascinating Camagüeyan legends is the Aura
Blanca, which tells of the economic vicissitudes of the construction of
a hospital for lepers by Father Varela, another relevant Catholic
priest, and the appearance of this bird with its white plumage displayed
to raise funds.
A few meters from the entrance of the Cemetery of the Holy Christ of the Good Trip of the City of Camagüey, there is a peculiar tomb that draws attention by the epitaph written on a white marble and that is part of the local traditions:
Santiago de Cuba
the city multiple architectural styles coincide, from the colonial and
baroque to the neoclassical and the more refined rationalism, passing
through the avant-garde and the art deco, which is why it is generally
described as a city of eclectic style.
In spite of the inclemencies of the time and the important earthquakes recorded in the Eastern region of Cuba, important samples of the colonial architecture are conserved Santiago. In the streets of Casco Histórico you can appreciate its colonial houses with the characteristic adobe walls, gabled roofs of ceramic tiles, large windows and landscaped inner courtyards.
Santiago de Cuba is the cradle of a large number of musical genres in Cuba. It has been recognized as the cradle of son and bolero, traditional trova and choral expression have a deep rootedness. There were born great musicians, such as Sindo Garay, Ñico Saquito, Eliades Ochoa, Compay Segundo, Olga Guillot, just to name a few.
It is undoubtedly an exceptional city, combining multiple
values ??that allow the visitor to get in touch with the idiosyncrasy
of its people, the culture and history of the place, while enjoying the
The popular festivals of greater importance are "El Carnaval Santiaguero", the best in the country and "La Fiesta del Fuego".
Santiago de Cuba is located in the Caribbean and has a wonderful geographical situation, thanks to which was the first capital of Cuba, from its foundation in 1515 to 1556. It is an exceptional city, combines values ??and attractions that show the idiosyncrasy of its people.
The culture and history of the place, as well as the enjoyment of exotic nature. It is known as the Hero City of Cuba, a title that was granted for the support of its people to the libertarian deeds of Cubans.
Christopher Columbus had already seen his magnificent and sheltered bay from his first voyages to America. The first conquerors and settlers of Cuba fixed their capital in her since the distant year of 1522, when it was officially declared a "city." The Catholic Church also had the primate seat of the Archbishopric on the island, a title it still boasts.
de Cuba was also attacked by corsairs, pirates and filibusters, who
were in search of riches that were part of what had inherited this
territory. In 1554 the French pirate François Le Clerc also known as
Jambe de Bois (Pata de Palo) sacked the city of Santiago de Cuba,
fleeing from it with a loot of 80000 pesos.